36 Hours of Fixes

Discussion in 'General Questions' started by Timbone, Aug 16, 2014.

  1. Timbone

    Timbone Active Member

    Geez, how many things can go wrong with these things?!

    On my ride to work yesterday, I'm on the East side of downtown making great time on the moto when, int he middle of a turn, -BAM! - things get LOUD! Even though it's 6:00am and very dark, I can tell right away that the muffler cap has fallen off and all the muffler innards have spilled out on the roadway. I hook around, shining my bright headlight all over the road and the side of the road. Nothing shiny. I'll never find it. I turned around an resumed my ride to work. I stop at the convenience store to pick up something to eat fro breakfast and, upon squeezing the clutch lever, I get no clutch! I brake hard and the engine dies.

    Again, very quickly I look at the sprocket cover and it has happened again. Another screw has come loose and there's no pressure on the bucking bar. I dig a screwdriver out of the backpack, remove a screw from the clutch cover side and tighten down the sprocket cover. A quick fix, yes, but I had just replaced that damn screw!

    OK, so all day at work I am wondering what I will do with the super loud moto. I can't ride it like that! So immediately after work, I buy a soft drink and some steel wool. I carry some extra 6mm 1.0 nuts and washers in the backpack so I am good there. I cut the bottom part off the Pepsi can and I found something sharp to make a hole in the top that would allow the stud to fit thru. I stuffed a little steel wool inside the muffler and down into the open side of the Pepsi can. I was cautious as I didn't know how much would cause too much back pressure. I fit the can up, tightened it as best I could and rode home.

    It was better but still TOO LOUD!

    So today,I took all that junk apart. I stuffed a LOT of steel wool up into the muffler and I made a metal cap that was almost exactly the same size as the empty muffler. I ran a nut up into the muffler body, then a washer (I want something for the nut on the outside to bite to) then my cap and i tightened it well, with the outside edges pulling up and into the muffler tube. Of course, I left a small oblong hole so that the exhaust can escape.

    It's still loud, maybe too loud, but not too bad. Sounds pretty cool, actually! Not as loud as a Harley.

    I also noticed some gas ont he engine, too, and I noticed my tank was almost empty form my work commute the previous day. Very strange. I can get two commutes in on a full tank of gas. I tighten all the carb screws - nothing out of sorts or unusual.

    So time for some test runs: I open the fuel valve, pedal up, and -Squirt! - there's a spray of gas onto my left leg! WTF?

    At first, I am worried: it looks like the spray came from the primer thingy. Oh no! How am I gonna fix that??

    But I finally figure it out: there's a slight tear in the fuel line. Easy fix!

    OK, So the test runs: now the bike is quieter (Yay, muffler fix!) and I hear some squeaking. WTF? I ridea bit and I figure it out: the engine is loose and rocking a little bit. I tightened it back down. Ran a few errands and all is good.

    So,after all that, I washed up real well and I cleaned my new GT2-A frame to get it ready for painting. :)

    =Timbone=
     

  2. butre

    butre Well-Known Member

    nearly all of this could have been avoided with some loctite
     
  3. Timbone

    Timbone Active Member

    That's a good observation! I just can't bring myself to use the blue locktite.

    Locktite on the muffler? Yes!

    Locktite on the motor mounts? Yes!

    Locktite on the clutch cover? I don't think so. There will be periodic adjustments.

    Locktite on the sprocket cover? I dunno. May need to get in there to fiddle with the chain.

    Locktite on the clutch cable nut? I don't think so as that will need periodic adjustment.

    I'll use locktite on the new build. Thanks, man!

    =Timbone=
     
  4. butre

    butre Well-Known Member

    The blue loctite breaks loose under only about 150 inch pounds, or about 12.5 foot pounds. you can easily do that with hand tools. It's more than strong enough to keep your screws from rattling out
     
  5. Timbone

    Timbone Active Member

    Very good advice. I don't have much experience with locktite. Thanks!
     
  6. bmg50cal

    bmg50cal New Member

  7. Fabian

    Fabian Well-Known Member

    :iagree:
     
  8. Fabian

    Fabian Well-Known Member

    Loctite 222 - Low strength. Put it on everything that needs adjustment.
    Loctite 243 - Medium strength. Put it on everything that requires the use of hand tools.
    Loctite 263 - High strength. Put it on anything that you wish to never come undone, unless using heat to soften the Loctite to enable disassembly.

    When it comes to motorised bicycles, Loctite is your greatest friend if the correct specification Loctite is used in the right application. Loctite can also be your greatest enemy if the wrong specification is placed on the wrong components.
     
  9. Timbone

    Timbone Active Member

    You guys are awesome! Thanks!

    =Tim=
     
  10. butre

    butre Well-Known Member

    I put red on anything that can take the heat you need to break it free.
     
  11. HeadSmess

    HeadSmess Well-Known Member

    i find i can let the thing go for six months with no issues, and then all of a sudden, wham, just about everything goes wrong all of a sudden...

    fix one thing, something else breaks, the best ones are when something breaks, youre making your way home by holding the part in place with your left pinky toe, and then something else falls off, and sooner or later, you get a flat or run out of fuel...

    then its another six months til the gremlins catch up again...they come and go...moody lil things, gremlins...


    pfffft, preventative maintenance...whatever :rolleyes:
     
  12. AssembleThis

    AssembleThis Member

    When Things Fall Apart

    Hi Timbone!

    Sorry about all the problems your having. Yes thread lock the bolts and screws. But to save yourself a lot of aggravation, buy stainless steel hardware to replace all the hardware on the engine and motor mounts. Trust me it's no fun having to drill out and extract a broken one. Stock hardware is not good and they will fail. You can go to the local store and buy a couple at a time or do like I did and buy in bulk lots. Buying lots, is a lot cheaper in the long run. Here's a couple of links for you. Hope this helps.

    6mm x 60mm
    http://www.ebay.com/itm/321092808456?ssPageName=STRK:MEWNX:IT&_trksid=p3984.m1497.l2649

    5mm x 20mm
    http://www.ebay.com/itm/181330896105?ssPageName=STRK:MEWNX:IT&_trksid=p3984.m1497.l2649

    Dave
    AssembleThis
     
  13. Timbone

    Timbone Active Member

    Yes, all this info is crucial. I never really thought about the importance of good hardware until I took on these moto projects!

    Let me tell you how this week on the moto went:

    Got through the weekend just fine, running errands etc. Thing is running great; my little HT motor is a runner!

    Tuesday morning, I gassed her up and took off to work very early in the morn. About a mile into the commute, I knew something was wrong. The exhaust was all loose and rolling all over the place. It was so dark, even with my headlight I couldn't tellexactly what the problemwas so I turned around, did a combo pedal/moto thing and took her to the garage. Drove the car into work.

    Later that evening (after work and a 35 mile bicycle ride) I checked her out: the right side exhaust stud was gone. Not broken off as I feared, it was just gone. I had a perfectly sized 6mm 1.0 bolt and I fixed her up.

    Next morning, same deal: riding to work armed with a 10mm wrench in the back pocket for quick exhaust battle if necessary. I was cruising at about 22 mph when I hit something HARD and the exhaust was instantly loose. I extracted the wrench, tightened the exhaust back up and wanted to roll but, sadly, PINCH FLAT! This has been the real Achilles Heel of my moto since the 700c x 25 tires are so vulnerable to raod hazards. Again, I turn around and pedal home for 7 minutes on a flat front tire. Bummer.

    Friday morning and I am determined to ride the moto into work. And what a great, fast smooth ride it was. Very little traffic, and minimum resistance from red lights. On my final turn, the rear wheel squiggled under me at about 20 miles per hour. A very soft rear tire and another problem to solve. But I am here at work!

    One of my coworkers drove me to the nearby Wally World and I bought a 27" tube and a $10 pump. Things were slow in the salt mine so my boss was distracted and was nice enough to allow me to fix the flat on company time. Hey, I was busy and, better yet, I looked busy!

    On the ride home, once again I am on exhaust watch - fully armed with 10mm wrench in back pocket. Well, dammit, about a mile and a half into my ride, I am cruising in heavy traffic at about 28 mph and I glance down just in time to see the LEFT exhaust hub fall right out into the road and, yep, things are loud again. I pulled over at the first cross street and I saw that the right boltwas holding nicely and the balance was kinda holding the exhaust into place. I took off again and stoppedabout 2 miles down the road at a hardware store where I picked up a couple of 6mm bolts and some blue threadlocker.

    The bolt was a tad too long, but with the threadlocker it held nicely and the exhaust was very steady. When I got home, I removed the new long bolt (it was kinda difficult because of the locktite) and I threaded a 6mm nut all the way to the head. I added a lock washer and a flatwasher and seated the exhaust bolt with threadlock.Then I tightened up the inside nut until it was tight and flush to the exhaust manifold.
    That works!

    Then...I went into my very hot garage and went to work on the new build. I trued both 26" wheels and they look quite good. But the hubs were very tight so I got out a couple of cone wrenches and adjusted the hubs. Very smooth now. Then I got out my allthread rod and fender washer assembly and very quickly seated the headset cups for the new front fork. I received my new headset via USPS today and the fork should arrive tomorrow so my plan is to slam this build together. I am very excited about having heavy duty mountain bike tires on the new ride! Goodbye flat tires!

    =Timbone=
     
  14. Slogger

    Slogger Member

    I'm just in the planning stages, but I love me some allen head hardware. I believe I'll change out all the cheap china junk for hardened allen heads, use green (wicking) loc-tite on all of them and have a nice life with the little fart bike.

    Has anyone had any success trying to cut the mechanical noise of these engines? I might try plastidip on the primary gear cover, after gluing a 1/4" thick piece of rubber on it, to deaden the gear noise.
    I have some leftover fiberglass muffler packing out in the garage, maybe a wad in the muffler would help keep the noise down.
    This is going to be fun. I want to make it a mellow powered bicycle, quiet and reliable. The finest machines in the world are very quiet.
    I spent 40 years on motorcycles, big loud engines and all. I'd love the little engine more if it had the quiet purr of a little honda.
     
  15. Timbone

    Timbone Active Member

    Honestly, I think the stock muffler is decent. I did an experiment where I hooked some heater hose up to the end of the muffler and routed the exhaust out the back. It did make a noticeable suppression of noise but that was problematic, the biggest issue being that the hose clamp holding it was gonna fall off at some point.

    I think that, short of welding up an expansion chamber there could be a way to significantly improve on the stock muffler - and at very low cost. I'll be working on something soon.
     
  16. Slogger

    Slogger Member

    Anything you develop would be welcome info on here. I think the majority of the racket is mechanical, so I'm going to do some 'sperimenting with heavy grease on those gears and sound deadening material on the engine's side covers. If it doesn't cause heat problems, that is.
     
  17. Fabian

    Fabian Well-Known Member

    The issues with exhaust problems can largely be solved by filing the exhaust flange perfectly flat and using Permatex Ultra Copper on the exhaust flange itself as well as the gasket and the exhaust port face.
    Replacing the standard exhaust port studs with equivalent length or slightly longer""allen head set screws"" is beneficial for reliability, as well as installing the set screws with Permatex Ultra Copper on the threads.

    It is important to take a "bottoming tap" and run it down the threads to make sure the maximum available thread length is available for the "set screws" to grab onto.
    It is also important not to tighten the "set screws" with excessive force. Just screw them in (with Permatex Ultra Copper) till they bottom out, then apply only light force to on the allen key. You don't won't to over stress the threads in the exhaust port area.

    Attach the exhaust system with a small flat washer sitting on the outer face of the exhaust muffler flange, followed by a spring washer and another small flat washer on top of the spring washer and then the nut on top of that.
    Apply Permatex once again to the exhaust port studs and screw everything together.

    In nearly 60,000 kilometers (37,000 miles) i have never had an exhaust port fastener failure, and i don't use a muffler clamp on the bottom of the exhaust muffler. The thing is only held on by the exhaust port studs.

    The biggest issue people face is that of the aluminium threads in the cylinder exhaust port fretting out when the exhaust port gasket compresses; reducing clamping pressure; giving the exhaust port studs the opportunity to hammer out the aluminium threads.
    If you have to keep retightening the studs, you will eventually wonder why the exhaust port studs have pulled out of the threads in the cylinder; then blame the metallurgy for being rubbish quality.
     
    Timbone likes this.
  18. Fabian

    Fabian Well-Known Member

    Make sure you install as a minimum, a good quality (thick) thorn proof tube/s. Those things take a beating against snake bit.
    I run my front at 20 PSI and the rear at 24 PSI for the greatest possible comfort.
     
    Timbone likes this.
  19. Fabian

    Fabian Well-Known Member

    You need to use "1/2 inch internal diameter, chemical resistant, high temperature, silicone hose", with the left over internal metal tube (from the muffler modification) cut into two equal lengths (strategically placed inside the silicone hose to line up with the frame) so zip ties can attach it without crushing the silicone hose in the process.

    Silicone hose absorbs noise surprisingly well. The hose shown on my bike is well over a year old; still being soft and supple even though it's turned a light brown colour.
    The zip ties attaching hose to muffler tip last about 6 months before they crack and break-off. Replacing the zip ties every 3 months solves that problem.


    http://news.thomasnet.com/fullstory/Silicone-Tubing-comes-in-nearly-50-sizes-586414


    View attachment 54026
     
  20. Fabian

    Fabian Well-Known Member

    A good part of the mechanical noise comes from the intake tract as well as the cooling fins resonating with engine vibration, causing them to emit a ringing sound, which gets mixed in with the gear noise; making it hard to isolate where all of the noise is coming from.

    Placing rubber noise dampening spacers in between the cylinder fins is a trick used by motorcycle manufacturers.

    That's my goal: to keep exploring methods to incrementally quieten down the engine.

    The gear noise will quieten down after they have done a good number of hours. To this day, i am surprised at how long those gears last, considering they are being run in an environment without lubrication.
     
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