DIY Expansion Chamber

Discussion in 'Performance Mods' started by jaguar, Jul 6, 2011.

  1. jaguar

    jaguar Well-Known Member

    How to make an upswept expansion chamber from your exhaust pipe and a second standard pipe from pistonbikes.com (for $20) or any curved pipe with 22mm outer diameter (for section B). The program I used for most of the distances and diameters was the 2 Stroke Wizard Pro version 3. All I had to make was the two cones and a silencer. All the rest came from two standard exhausts. The first cone is longer in this design than what the software recommended but that is to eliminate the need to make a long B section that gently gets wider the farther back it gets. The idea here is to be able to fairly easily make an expansion chamber with a peak rpm of 7500, horsepower between 7 and 8, and have a wide powerband unlike the peaky powerband of a racer.

    After drawing these patterns (see 4th image) on poster board add the curves according to their middle height (see 3rd image). Cut out the final pattern, cutting along the curved lines and the two sides. Then use a Marks-A-Lot to transfer the pattern to the sheet metal, then cut it out. Bend the outer sides of the sheet metal to have a curve, then pull the side ends together, then clamp them in place, then weld the side ends together. Then weld the cones to the middle cylinder, etc. (I curved the sheets by beating them on a discarded bicycle fork with a rubber mallet. I used channel locks to curve the edges).

    The 5th image shows the pipe dimensions given by the 2 Stroke Wizard that you can use if you want it to be just right. The bottom pipe in the image is what I am proposing as an easy to make alternative.

    From reading the performance book by Graham Bell I calculated this new pipes peak power rpm as 7500. But a standard 48cc Grubee engine has a peak rpm of 5700. In order to make the pipe match that rpm this pipe would have to have a longer belly length of 21cm (8+1/4"). For a free on-line pipe dimension calculator that gives similar results as the 2 Stroke Wizard click here. Use these inputs for a 48cc Grubee engine: 40mm bore, 38mm stroke, 136 degree exhaust open duration (which should be more if you have raised the port), 17mm EXD (equivalent round exhaust port diameter), 5700 rpm, 4.85 power.

    How does this DIY pipe compare to pipes available online for this engine? The main two characteristics of an expansion chamber are the length from the piston to the midway point of the final cone, and the angle of the final cone. The longer it is, the lower in the rpm band is the pipes powerband. The steeper/larger the angle, the shorter the powerband but with greater effect. This DIY pipe has a small final cone angle which gives it a broader powerband, especially necessary for a one speed bike. And the length should be made by you to perfectly fit the peak rpm's of the engine. A custom pipe has the potential to be the best there is for your engine if you do it right.

    Click here to read how to exactly determine the powerband of an expansion chamber.
     

    Attached Files:

    Last edited: Jul 6, 2011

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