3-Speed motorized bike experiment

Discussion in 'Performance Mods' started by Blaze, Jan 29, 2007.

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  1. Blaze

    Blaze Guest

    OK, I have a new engineering project. My friend is motorizing his bike and he wants to have multiple gears. I have decided to try to make it into a 3-speed. We are starting with a diamond-frame 16 speed bike; 2 rings up front and 8 in the back.

    It starts with standard installation of a grubee-type motor. Then I install an axle on the frame that moves the motor power to the right side. The motor power on the right side will now be using a bicycle chain. Basically, I will build a small axle with a standard motor sprocket on the left and a bicycle sprocket on the right, then attach it to the frame very close to the motor.

    I will put the pedal chain on the inside ring of the pedals and the inside ring of the hub, and adjust the chain to be used without the derailleur. The pedals are now one-speed only.

    I then choose 3 speeds for the outermost rings of the hub and leave the four in between those 3 and the innermost ring empty. The outermost 3 rings will be the 3 speeds used by the motor, using the stock derailleur to change gears. This creates a space between the motor chain and the pedal chain. The derailleur will be readjusted to limit movement to the outer 3 rings only.

    That should do it. It's really just an easy, standard installation on a diamond-frame bike, until you get to the part where I move the motor power to the right side. The main project here will be fabrication of the axle to move the power to the other side.

    Has this been done yet? Has anybody seen any photos that might help, or am I on my own here?

  2. Tom

    Tom Active Member

    Aug 4, 2006
    Likes Received:
    The idea of gears would be really sick. Its hard for me to visualize what your idea is. Maybe a drawing would help. I want to see someone pull this off!
  3. that sounds cool, but how are you going to make axle and extra sprockets?
    i think it need to be totally customized .
  4. Proboscis

    Proboscis Guest

    Try a shimano 3 speed hub, oldie but goodie
  5. bird

    bird Guest

    ive seen a bike with a 3 speed hub connected to the motor with a jack shaft, which connected to a freewheel which connected to the cranks. seems like the best way to do it and the easyest to me.
  6. Blaze

    Blaze Guest

    new drawing

    Here is a rough sketch of the idea I have, as described above.

    Note that contrary to the rough draft, the conversion axle I build will probably have a bigger sprocket on the motor chain side, and a smaller sprocket on the bicycle chain side. This will allow for using a small bicycle sprocket instead of the large stock motor sprocket.

    The next step will be keeping the pedals from being pushed by the motor.

  7. Blaze

    Blaze Guest

    I will need to put another freewheeling sprocket somewhere. I think this is what Bird was talking about.

    Bird, do you have any pictures or drawings of the 3-speed hub idea? I'm still going to be using the original gears at the back wheel, but I will need some sort of freewheeling sprocket up front to keep the motor from turning the pedals.

    If I can get one of these freewheels mounted on the back wheel (it would be kind of a redundant freewheel sprocket mounted over the freewheel hub) that would work pretty well. That would eliminate the need to try to get the crank to freewheel. It would be great because then the pedal chain wouldn't even move at all when the motor is powering the bike.

  8. psuggmog

    psuggmog Guest

    How are you going to compression start the motor if the drive chain is connected to a freewheel? When the rear wheel is rolling without being driven by the chain, the chain and drive sprockets won't move unless the freewheel is defeated. You could use a fixed gear block on the rear hub, a freewheel on the jackshaft which would connect to the pedal chainring via a short chain. There would be the friction of all the chains and sprockets turning when the engine clutch was disengaged while under leg power, but you could bump start the engine and you wouldn't have to have the pedals moving when the engine was driving the bike. I did a post recently about my thoughts on using a threespeed hub as a jackshaft/transmission. heres that post in quotes:

    "I have been thinking about using a two or three speed hub as a transmission. My idea is to use it as a gearbox mounted directly behind the motor. I will machine a flange and braze it to the hub shell on the left side of the hub. Add a removeable sprocket to the flange. My fabricated mounting brackets, similar to rear droupouts will be added to my frame to hold the hub. The hub will act as a multi-speed jackshaft. The primary chain is from the engine to the left hub sprocket. The secondary chain is from the pre-existing hub sprocket, on the right side of the hub, to the factory cog on the rear hub. This gets rid of the leftside add on hub sprocket. Because of the ratchet in the three speed hubs, you can't just flip the hub and use the existing gear on the left side. The freewheeling aspect of the hub also means no bump starting the engine as most of the chinese engines require. There were some fixed gear threespeed hubs made at one time, but they are rare and in the world of ebay, now very expensive. There are ways to defeat the freewheeling of regular hubs, but this requires modifing the hub internally."
  9. Blaze

    Blaze Guest

    No pop starting this bike. It will have a rope pull-start to get it started.

    I thought about using a multi-speed hub for the transmission, but I remembered reading somewhere that the torque from the motor would turn it to shrapnel. I know you could probably just let off the gas to shift, but if I'm going to build it, I'm going to build it idiot-proof. That means being capable of shifting under at least some power. The 3-speed hub idea is a great idea, though. Definitely let me know if you build it.
  10. Tom

    Tom Active Member

    Aug 4, 2006
    Likes Received:
    When you add the rope-start thing, you might want to watch out for pedal clearance as the starting unit will make the engine wider which will compromise the ability of using the pedals. But I guess if the motor has a 3-speed tranny, you might not have to use the pedals...
  11. Blaze

    Blaze Guest

    Yeah, I have the same clearance issues from using the centrifugal clutch on the right side. You take the crank, put it in a vice, and bend the holy h*ll out of it. Now it's wider. :)
  12. here is the drivetrain on my current build
    I used a jackshaft to get around the fat tire
    I put two sprockets on the hub, and someday I hope to create a shifter/tesioner to shift on the fly
    this is a similar idea to the one originally posted except that I have never seen a derailer made to go on the left side
  13. Barret

    Barret Guest

    I've seen pics of bikes with jack shafts that move the power to the right side of the bike and use the original sprocket [of the pedal chain]. I've always wondered about them but have never seen them in action. Keep us updated; I'm curious how it will all work out.

    Also, streetstrip80, I was looking closely at your third pic of your rear fat-tired chopper in the "Pictures" forum and wondering how you ran the left side, but now I see. Nice job!
  14. nogoodnic42

    nogoodnic42 Guest

    Very cool drive train. Thank you for the close up. I'm looking forward to hear more about your testing stages...Kelly
  15. tirebiter

    tirebiter Guest

    Pretty cool how you laced that rear wheel too :cool:
  16. Blaze

    Blaze Guest

    Lots of new pics of the 3-speed build

    OK, here are some photos of the bike so far.

    This isn't the motor I will be using, it's just there for a fit-test. The actual motor will be the same size, though.

    The jackshaft looks like it's going to work great. It's made out of the center hub of a front bicycle wheel with sprockets riveted to it, installed into a cutom fabricated jackshaft brace which will be welded to the frame.

    The handlebars and gooseneck were flipped upside-down to lower the riding stance.

    The 3-speed-motor/1-speed-pedal hub modification is exactly how I planned it. The BMX freewheel sprocket needed a lot of modification to fit the hub, but it works. Now, when the motor is turning the hub via one of the 3 changeable gears, it won't turn the pedals which are on the BMX sprocket. In the photos, the pedal chain is attached and working, but the motor chain is not on yet. The final version will have the pedal chain going straight from pedals to wheel, with the derailler only used for the motor chain.

    We are hoping for 50mph, maybe 60mph with nitrous if necessary (or probably even if it isn't necessary.




  17. apratt

    apratt Guest

    Whoa!!!! that blew way over my little brain! I'll let this one sink in some and reread what you just posted. Way cool I think I like what you did. Seems like a niffty Idea.
  18. uncle_punk13

    uncle_punk13 Guest

    very nice work!
    Keep us posted as this progresses; I'm very interested to see the end result (as well as the build-up process) of this experiment.
  19. Blaze

    Blaze Guest

    It runs!

    I finally rode it last night. The derailleur is off right now, and I am just running it in 1st gear only. IT IS FAST! I still have a few details to work out, but the major engineering obstacles have been resolved. I'm sure adding the derailleur will be the final challenge, but I need a pull starter before I can do that.

    Gearing on these bikes is universally measured (by us) by teeth on the rear sprocket, so here it is: 1st gear is 32t, but the jackshaft has a 1.17 (21/18) ratio, so the effective 1st gear is actually equal to 37.44t. 2nd gear is 24.75t (21t actual), and 3rd gear is 21.06t (18t actual).

    I don't know if 3rd gear will be useful, but it has a good spread from one gear to the next, and I can always lower the whole thing by adjusting the jackshaft. If I change the jackshaft to 21/15, I would get 1st=44.8t, 2nd=29.4t, 3rd= 25.2t.

    I will post photos soon. JFleck took a few really good photos last night after the test run.
  20. pianoman8t8

    pianoman8t8 Guest

    very nice setup! WOW!!! can't wait to see the pics.